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  • Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil (ANFO) - The Rabbit Hole

    2020-8-7  Ammonium Nitrate/Fuel Oil (ANFO) mixtures provide a stable and powerful explosive that you can easily make in your garage: The most widely used dry blasting

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  • AMMONIUM NITRATE-FUEL OIL MIXTURES CAMEO

    Ammonium nitrate-fuel oil mixture is commercially available as pale white, gray, yellow, or pink oil-covered prills with a petroleum odor. Non-commercially produced forms may be darker in color. It is used for blasting rock and in some types of mining. It will accelerate the burning of combustible materials. The ammonium nitrate is soluble in water.

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  • Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil - Cleanaway

    What is ammonium nitrate fuel oil Ammonium nitrate fuel oil (ANFO) is a blasting agent that consists of porous prilled ammonium nitrate and fuel oil. When combined with oxygen, it is one of the safest and most affordable blasting chemicals available in the coal mining, quarrying, metal mining and civil construction industries.

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  • Explosives - ANFO (Ammonium Nitrate - Fuel Oil)

    For ammonium nitrate and fuel oil (ANFO) mixtures, a fuel oil content of more than 5.5 percent creates a deficiency of oxygen. Ammonium nitrate and fuel oil (ANFO) has a broad spectrum of...

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  • Ammonium Nitrate/Fuel Oil Explosives - JSTOR

    for an inexpensive large-scale explosion is ammonium nitrate mixed with fuel oil, a mixture called AN/FO. For many years, ammonium nitrate mixtures have been used by the military services and the mining in-dustry for cratering and earthmoving. Ammonium nitrate

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  • The dependence of Ammonium-Nitrate Fuel-Oil

    2017-1-1  Examples of nonideal detonation can be seen in the diameter-effect plot in Fig. 1 of Jackson and Short for Ammonium-Nitrate and Fuel-Oil (ANFO), as well as for Comp B and TNT near their failure diameters, where D0 is a strong function of radius.

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  • ammonium nitrate/fuel oil (explosive) SpringerLink

    2014-8-24  ammonium nitrate/fuel oil (explosive)ANFO (explosive)

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  • What is ammonium nitrate and what happens when it

    2020-8-5  Mixed with fuel oil it’s known as ANFO (ammonium nitrate/fuel oil), which accounts for approximately 80% of the 2.7 billion kilograms of explosives used in North America every year.

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  • The Dependence of Ammonium-Nitrate Fuel-Oil (ANFO ...

    2019-3-6  94% HE-grade ammonium nitrate to 6% diesel fuel oil. Each copper cylinder was boosted with a 25.4-mm thick disc of PETN-based sheet explosive, which had identical outer diameter (OD) to each cylinder’s inner diameter (ID) and was contained in plastic as in Short and Jackson [7]. Wall expansion velocities v(t)were measured with

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  • US9315429B2 - Ammonium nitrate fuel oil mixtures -

    The present invention relates to ammonium nitrate fuel oil mixtures, and includes compositions comprising (a) ammonium nitrate, (b) a fuel component, (c) a functionalized polymer component, and (d)...

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  • Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil - Cleanaway

    Ammonium nitrate fuel oil (ANFO) is a blasting agent that consists of porous prilled ammonium nitrate and fuel oil. When combined with oxygen, it is one of the safest and most affordable blasting chemicals available in the coal mining, quarrying, metal mining and civil construction industries.

  • Get Price
  • ammonium nitrate/fuel oil (explosive) SpringerLink

    2014-8-24  ammonium nitrate/fuel oil (explosive)ANFO (explosive)

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  • The Dependence of Ammonium-Nitrate Fuel-Oil (ANFO ...

    2019-3-6  and Short [1] for Ammonium-Nitrate and Fuel-Oil (ANFO), as well as for Comp B and TNT near their failure diameters, where D 0 is a strong function of ra-dius. In contrast, nitromethane exhibits ideal behav-ior, with minimal change in D 0 from the CJ condition to the failure diameter. Prediction of this effect via direct numerical sim-ulation is ...

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  • Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil Blend - MAXAM

    Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil Blend maxam.net RIOXAM™ Advantages Completely fills borehole Safe to handle Free flowing Low cost RIOXAM™ is an efficient and economical blend of ammonium nitrate and fuel oil. RIOXAM™ is manufactured as a free flowing booster sensitive blasting agent that can be poured, augured, or pneumatically loaded into

  • Get Price
  • What is ammonium nitrate and what happens when it

    2020-8-5  Mixed with fuel oil it’s known as ANFO (ammonium nitrate/fuel oil), which accounts for approximately 80% of the 2.7 billion kilograms of explosives used in North America every year. In these explosive mixtures, it acts as an oxidising agent, helping other materials burn.

  • Get Price
  • Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil Mixtures - THE LUBRIZOL

    The present invention relates to ammonium nitrate fuel oil mixtures, and includes compositions comprising (a) ammonium nitrate, (b) a fuel component, (c) a functionalized polymer component, and (d) an oil-soluble anionic surfactant, wherein the mixture of components (b), (c) and (d) form a

  • Get Price
  • Toxic fumes from explosives: ammonium nitrate-fuel

    Abstract. The Bureau of Mines has carried out experimental and theoretical studies with prilled and pulverized ammonium nitrate-fuel oil (AN-FO) mixtures containing varying amounts of fuel oil in an attempt to quantify the effects of stoichiometric composition, nonideal detonation behavior, and expansion volume on the production of CO, NO, and NO/sub 2/ fumes.

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  • Inhalation of ammonium nitrate fuel oil explosive

    1. Occup Environ Med. 1998 Feb;55(2):144. Inhalation of ammonium nitrate fuel oil explosive (ANFO) Donoghue AM. Comment in Occup Environ Med. 1998 Sep;55(9):647.

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  • UREA-MODIFIED AMMONIUM NITRATE-FUEL OIL

    What is claimed is 1. In an explosive consisting of prilled ammonium nitrate-fuel oil (ANFO), wherein said ammonium nitrate alone is porous enough to absorb at least 5 percent of its own weight of said fuel, the improvement of incorporating urea in said explosive in an amount of about 0.5 to 1.0 weight percent so as to elevate the temperature of incipient decomposition of said explosive when ...

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  • 6.2.1: Mixing ANFO and the Oxygen Balance ABC 123 ...

    The ideal mixture, i.e., the oxygen-balanced mixture, consists of 3 moles of ammonium nitrate and one mole of fuel oil. Next, we should find the weight ratio of ammonium nitrate to fuel oil. For 3 moles of NH 4 NO 3: 3*80.05 = 240.15 g. For 1 mole of CH 2 : 1*14.03 = 14.03 g. The molecular weight of ANFO is, therefore: 240.15 + 14.03 = 254.18 g

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  • ANFO - Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core

    2021-4-15  ANFO (or AN/FO, for ammonium nitrate/fuel oil) is a widely used bulk industrial explosive mixture.. It consists of 94% porous prilled ammonium nitrate (NH 4 NO 3) (AN) that acts as the oxidizing agent and absorbent for the fuel and 6% number 2 fuel oil (FO).. ANFO has found wide use in coal mining, quarrying, metal mining, and civil construction in undemanding applications where the

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  • Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil Blend - MAXAM

    Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil Blend maxam.net RIOXAM™ Advantages Completely fills borehole Safe to handle Free flowing Low cost RIOXAM™ is an efficient and economical blend of ammonium nitrate and fuel oil. RIOXAM™ is manufactured as a free flowing booster sensitive blasting agent that can be poured, augured, or pneumatically loaded into

  • Get Price
  • The dependence of Ammonium-Nitrate Fuel-Oil

    2016-11-17  @article{osti_1334147, title = {The dependence of Ammonium-Nitrate Fuel-Oil (ANFO) detonation on confinement}, author = {Jackson, Scott I.}, abstractNote = {As detonation is a coupled fluid-chemical process, flow divergence inside the detonation reaction zone can strongly influence detonation velocity and energy release. Such divergence is responsible for the diameter-effect and failure ...

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  • INFLUENCE OF HOMEMADE AMMONIUM NITRATE AND

    2016-7-20  Keywords: ammonium nitrate and fuel oil explosives, blast pressure, blast wave, blast wave propaga-tion, field test. 1 INTRODUCTION The threat of terrorism has again increased in the civilian sector over the last two years. Although terrorists are more

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  • Toxic fumes from explosives: ammonium nitrate-fuel

    Abstract. The Bureau of Mines has carried out experimental and theoretical studies with prilled and pulverized ammonium nitrate-fuel oil (AN-FO) mixtures containing varying amounts of fuel oil in an attempt to quantify the effects of stoichiometric composition, nonideal detonation behavior, and expansion volume on the production of CO, NO, and NO/sub 2/ fumes.

  • Get Price
  • Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil Mixtures - THE LUBRIZOL

    The present invention relates to ammonium nitrate fuel oil mixtures, and includes compositions comprising (a) ammonium nitrate, (b) a fuel component, (c) a functionalized polymer component, and (d) an oil-soluble anionic surfactant, wherein the mixture of components (b), (c) and (d) form a

  • Get Price
  • Inhalation of ammonium nitrate fuel oil explosive

    1. Occup Environ Med. 1998 Feb;55(2):144. Inhalation of ammonium nitrate fuel oil explosive (ANFO) Donoghue AM. Comment in Occup Environ Med. 1998 Sep;55(9):647.

  • Get Price
  • Inhalation of ammonium nitrate fuel oil explosive; and ...

    1. Occup Environ Med. 1999 Mar;56(3):215. Inhalation of ammonium nitrate fuel oil explosive; and possible concomitant exposure. Donoghue AM.

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  • US3781180A - Ammonium nitrate-fuel oil

    Ammonium nitrate - fuel oil compositions comprising ammonium nitrate prills and fuel oil wherein between 15 and 90 percent w/w of said prills have an oil porosity of more than 5 g of oil per 100 g of ammonium nitrate and between 10 and 85 percent w/w of said prills have an oil porosity of less than 2 g of oil per 100 g of ammonium nitrate.

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  • 6.2.1: Mixing ANFO and the Oxygen Balance ABC 123 ...

    The ideal mixture, i.e., the oxygen-balanced mixture, consists of 3 moles of ammonium nitrate and one mole of fuel oil. Next, we should find the weight ratio of ammonium nitrate to fuel oil. For 3 moles of NH 4 NO 3: 3*80.05 = 240.15 g. For 1 mole of CH 2 : 1*14.03 = 14.03 g. The molecular weight of ANFO is, therefore: 240.15 + 14.03 = 254.18 g

  • Get Price